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Chem II AP: Lecture Notes Archive

Updated

 

 

Chapter 1-2: Chemistry: The Study of Change; Atoms, Molecules & Ions

Notes

Additional Files*

Sept. 8

Calculations & Sig Figs Hints

Calculations & Sig Figs Hints PDF

Sept. 9

Atoms, Molecules & Ions

Atoms, Molecules & Ions PDF

 

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Chapter 3: Mass Relationships

Notes

Additional Files*

Sept. 12

Atomic Mass, Mass Spec, Molar & Molecular Mass

Atomic Mass, Mass Spec, Molar & Molecular Mass PDF

Sept. 14

Percent Composition & Empirical Formula; Hydrates

Percent Composition & Empirical Formula; Hydrates PDF

Sept. 16

Combustion Analysis; Molecular Formula

Combustion Analysis; Molecular Formula PDF

Sept. 19

Balancing Equations

 

Sept. 20

Stoichiometry

 

Sept. 21

Limiting Reagents & Reaction Yield

Limiting Reagents & Reaction Yield PDF

 

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Chapter 4: Reactions in Aqueous Solutions

Notes

Additional Files*

Sept. 26

Aqueous Solutions & Solubility Rules

Aqueous Solutions & Solubility Rules PDF

Sept. 28

Precipitation Reactions, Net Ionic Equations; Concentrations

Precipitation Reactions, Net Ionic Equations; Concentrations PDF

Sept. 30

Gravimetric Analysis

 

Oct. 5

Oxidation Number; Half Reactions

 

Oct. 7

Activity Series; Redox Reactions

Metals & H2 Activity SeriesUsing Reduction Potentials Table

Oct. 11

Redox Titrations

 

Oct. 14

Acid-Base Reactions & Titrations

 

 

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Chapter 5: Gases

Notes

Additional Files*

Oct. 18

Gases, Pressure & Gas Laws

Gases, Pressure & Gas Laws PDF

Oct. 19

Ideal Gas Equation, Gas Stoichiometry

Ideal Gas Equation, Gas Stoichiometry PDF

Oct. 24

Dalton’s Law of Partial Pressures

Dalton’s Law of Partial Pressures PDFGas Collection Experiment

Oct. 25

Kinetic Molecular Theory; Deviation from Ideal Behavior

Kinetic Molecular Theory; Deviation from Ideal Behavior PDF

 

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Chapter 6: Thermodynamics

Notes

Additional Files*

Oct. 24

Energy Changes, Thermodynamics & Work

Energy Changes, Thermodynamics & Work PDF

Oct. 31

Specific Heat and Constant P Calorimetry

Specific Heat and Constant P Calorimetry PDF

Nov. 1

Enthalpy & Constant V Calorimetry

Enthalpy & Constant V Calorimetry PDF

Nov. 2

Standard Heats of Formation; Hess’s Law; Enthalpy of Solution

Standard Heats of Formation; Hess’s Law; Enthalpy of Solution PDF

 

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Chapter 7: Quantum Theory & Electronic Structure

Notes

Additional Files*

Nov. 7

Waves, Quantum Theory; Photoelectric Effect

Waves, Quantum Theory; Photoelectric Effect PDF

Nov. 9

The Hydrogen Atom, EM Spectroscopy, Fluorescence

The Hydrogen Atom, EM Spectroscopy, Fluorescence PDF

Nov. 14

Dual Nature of Electron; Quantum Mechanics; Atomic Orbitals

Dual Nature of Electron; Quantum Mechanics; Atomic Orbitals PDF

Nov. 15

Electron Configurations

Electron Configurations PDF

Nov. 16

Shielding; Paramagnetism; Exceptions to Aufbau

Shielding; Paramagnetism; Exceptions to Aufbau PDF

 

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Chapter 8: Periodic Relationships

Notes

Additional Files*

Nov. 17

Variation in Physical Properties: Effective Shielding, Atomic & Ionic Radius

Variation in Physical Properties: Effective Shielding, Atomic & Ionic Radius PDF

Nov. 18

Ionization Energy & Electron Affinity

Ionization Energy & Electron Affinity PDF

Nov. 22

Photoelectron Spectroscopy (PES)

Photoelectron Spectroscopy (PES) PDF

Nov. 23

Variation in Chemical Properties

 

 

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Chapter 9-10: Chemical Bonding

Notes

Additional Files*

Nov. 30

Ionic Bonds & Lattice Energy; Born-Haber Cycle

Ionic Bonds & Lattice Energy; Born-Haber Cycle PDF

Dec. 1

Covalent Bonding; Electronegativity; Writing Lewis Structures

Covalent Bonding; Electronegativity; Writing Lewis Structures PDF

Dec. 2

Formal Charge; Resonance

Formal Charge; Resonance PDF

Dec. 5

Exceptions to the Octet Rule

Exceptions to the Octet Rule PDF

Dec. 6

Molecular Geometry

Electron GeometriesMolecular Shapes 2, 3, 4Molecular Shapes 5 & 6

Dec. 7

Dipole Moments; Valence Bond Theory

 

Dec. 9

Hybridization & Delocalized Molecular Orbitals

Hybridization & Delocalized Molecular Orbitals PDF

 

Dec. 12

Bond Energy & Reaction Enthalpy

Bond Energy & Reaction Enthalpy PDF

 

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Chapter 11-12: Intermolecular Forces & Solutions

Notes

Additional Files*

Dec. 14

KMT of Liquids & Solids; Intermolecular Forces

KMT of Liquids & Solids; Intermolecular Forces PDF

Dec. 19

Properties of Liquids; Vaporization

Properties of Liquids; Vaporization PDF

Dec. 20

Phase Changes: Boiling; Solid-Liquid & Solid-Vapor Interfaces

Phase Changes: Boiling; Solid-Liquid & Solid-Vapor Interfaces PDF

Dec. 21

Types of Crystals; Amorphous Solids; Phase Diagrams

 

Dec. 22

Alloys , Semi-Conductors, and polymers

 

Dec. 23

Types of Solutions, Solution Process, Concentration Units, Effect of Temperature on Solubility, Colloids

Types of Solutions, Solution Process, Concentration Units, Effect of Temperature on Solubility, Colloids PDF

 

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Chapter 13: Chemical Kinetics

Notes

Additional Files*

Jan. 5

Rate of a Reaction; Begin Rate Laws

Rate of a Reaction; Begin Rate Laws PDF

Jan. 6

The Rate Law; Begin Integrated Rate Laws: 1st Order

The Rate Law; Begin Integrated Rate Laws: 1st Order PDF

Jan. 9

Integrated Rate Laws: 2nd & 0th Order

Integrated Rate Laws: 2nd & 0th Order PDF

Jan. 10

Collision Theory; Activation Energy & Temperature

Collision Theory; Activation Energy & Temperature PDF

Jan. 13

Reaction Mechanisms & Catalysis

Reaction Mechanisms & Catalysis PDF

 

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Chapter 14: Chemical Equilibrium

Notes

Additional Files*

Jan. 19

Equilibrium; Homogeneous Equilibria

Equilibrium; Homogeneous Equilibria PDF

Jan. 20

Heterogeneous Equilibria; Multiple Equilibria; Equilibrium & Kinetics

Heterogeneous Equilibria; Multiple Equilibria; Equilibrium & Kinetics PDF

Jan. 23

Using the Equilibrium Constant

Using the Equilibrium Constant PDF

Feb. 1

Factors that Affect Equilibrium–Le Châtelier’s Principle

Factors that Affect Equilibrium–Le Châtelier’s Principle PDF

 

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Chapter 15: Acids & Bases

Notes

Additional Files*

Feb. 6

Brønsted Acids-Bases; Acid-Base Properties of H2O

Brønsted Acids-Bases; Acid-Base Properties of H2O PDF

Feb. 8

pH; Strengths of Acids & Bases; Begin Weak Acid Ionization Constants

pH; Strengths of Acids & Bases; Begin Weak Acid Ionization Constants PDF

Feb. 10

Finish Weak Acids; Weak Bases; Kb of Conjugate Bases of Weak Acids

Finish Weak Acids; Weak Bases; Kb of Conjugate Bases of Weak Acids PDF

Feb. 13

Polyprotic Acids; Acid Structure & Strength

Polyprotic Acids; Acid Structure & Strength PDF

Feb. 14

Acid-Base Properties of Salts & Hydrolysis

Acid-Base Properties of Salts & Hydrolysis PDF

Feb. 15

Oxides/Hydroxides; Lewis Acids & Bases

Oxides/Hydroxides; Lewis Acids & Bases PDF

 

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Chapter 16: Acid-Base Equilibria

Notes

Additional Files*

Feb. 22

Titrations: Equivalence Point Calculations & Indicators

Titrations: Equivalence Point Calculations & Indicators PDF

Feb. 24

Solution Equilibria; Common Ion Effect; Concepts of Buffer Solutions

Solution Equilibria; Common Ion Effect; Concepts of Buffer Solutions PDF

Feb. 28

Buffer Calculations & Titrations

Buffer Calculations & Titrations PDF

Mar. 1

Solubility Equilibria & Ksp

Solubility Equilibria & Ksp PDF

Mar. 3

Fractional Precipitation, Common Ion Effect

Fractional Precipitation, Common Ion Effect PDF

Mar. 6

pH and Solubility; Complex Ion Equilibria

pH and Solubility; Complex Ion Equilibria PDF

 

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Chapter 18: Entropy & Free Energy

Notes

Additional Files*

Mar. 10

Spontaneous Processes; Entropy; Second Law of Thermodynamics

Spontaneous Processes; Entropy; Second Law of Thermodynamics PDF

Mar. 15

Spontaneity & Gibbs Free Energy

Spontaneity & Gibbs Free Energy PDF

Mar. 16

Free Energy and Chemical Equilibrium; Coupled Reactions

Free Energy and Chemical Equilibrium; Coupled Reactions PDF

 

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