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Chem Honors: Lecture Notes Archive

Updated

 

Unit 1: Introduction to Chemistry

Notes

Additional Files*

Sept. 7

Chemistry & Matter: Properties & Changes


 

Sept. 8

Elements, Compounds & Mixtures

 

 

*Click on images to open a larger image in a new window.

 

Unit 2: Measurement & Calculations

Notes

Additional Files*

Sept. 11

The Scientific Method

The Scientific Method PDF

Sept. 12

Units, SI Prefixes, Density

Sept. 15  Units, SI Prefixes, Density PDF

Sept. 13

Scientific Notation

Scientific Notation PDF

Sept. 14

Accuracy & Precision; Significant Figures in Measurements

Accuracy & Precision; Significant Figures in Measurements PDF

Sept. 15

Significant Figures in Calculations

Significant Figures in Calculations PDF

Sept. 18

Conversion Factors & Dimensional Analysis

Sept. 19

Metric & Double-Unit Conversions

Metric & Double-Unit Conversions PDF

 

*Click on images to open a larger image in a new window.

 

Unit 3: Moles & Stoichiometry

Notes

Additional Files*

Sept. 29

Introduction to Moles & Stoichiometry: Electrolysis of H2O & Volumes of Gases (Avogadro’s Hypothesis)

Hoffman Apparatus for Water Electrolysis

Oct. 2

Masses of Gases Demo (Class Data)

 

Oct. 3

Molar Mass; Moles-Mass; Moles-Particles

 

Oct. 5

Mass-Particles; Molar Volume of Gases

 

Oct. 6

% Composition & Empirical Formula

% Composition & Empirical Formula PDF

Oct. 10

Introduction to Stoichiometry

 

Oct. 12

Balancing Equations

 

Oct. 13

Gas Stoichiometry; Reaction Yields

 

Oct. 16

Limiting & Excess Reactants

 

Oct. 17

Molecular Formula

 

 

*Click on images to open a larger image in a new window.

 

Unit 4: Atomic Structure

Notes

Additional Files*

Oct. 25

Intro to Basic Atomic Structure; Isotopes; Average Atomic Mass

Class Notes 4-1

Mass Spectrometry Class Notes 4-1a

Oct. 27

Unraveling the Structure of the Atom: Thomson CRT, Millikan Oil Drop & Rutherford Gold Foil

Class Notes 4-2
Structure of the Atom Part 1 PDF


Oct. 30

Unravelling the Structure of the Atom: Proton & Neutron

Class Notes 4-3

Structure of the Atom Part 2 PDF

Oct. 31 Review Key w/Class Notes

 

*Click on images to open a larger image in a new window.

 

Unit 5: Nuclear Chemistry

Notes

Additional Files*

Nov. 1

Geiger Counter & α, β, γ Radiation; Nuclear Decay Equations

Geiger Counter & α, β, γ Radiation; Nuclear Decay EquationsGeiger Counter & α, β, γ Radiation; Nuclear Decay Equations PDF

Nov. 3

Radiation & Nuclear Stability

Radiation & Nuclear Stability PDF

Nov. 6

Half-Life & C-14 Dating; Nuclear Decay Series

Half-LIfe & C-14 Dating; Nuclear Decay Series

Nov. 7

Specific Heat Notes (Key)

 

Nov. 8

Induced Transmutation; Nuclear Fission & Fusion

Nov. 13

Energy from Nuclear Fission & Fusion: Mass Defect

In-Class Notes

Nov. 14

Nuclear Power from Fission & Fusion

 

Nov. 15

Nuclear Plant Accidents: Three Mile Island, Chernobyl and Fukushima

 

Nov. 15

Sources, Measurement & Effects of Radiation

 

 

*Click on images to open a larger image in a new window.

 

Unit 6: Electrons in Atoms

Notes

Additional Files*

Nov. 22

Electromagnetic Spectrum, Wavelength, Frequency and Energy

(Waves from Class / Wavelength-Frequency from Class / EM Spectrum from Class)

Electromagnetic Spectrum

EM Spectrum

 

Nov. 27

Particle Nature of Light

Nov. 28

Gas Discharge Tubes & Emission Line Spectra

 

Nov. 30

Source of Line Spectra; Bohr Model of the Atom

Emission/ Absorption Line Spectra; Bohr Model of the Atom PDF

 

Dec. 1

Wave-Particle Duality of Electrons; Probability

 

 

 

Dec. 4

Orbitals & Energy Levels; Electron Configurations

 

Dec. 5

Electron Configs from the Periodic Table; Noble Gas Configurations; Valence Electrons

Electron Configs from the Periodic Table; Noble Gas Configurations; Valence Electrons PDF

Dec. 7

Periodic Table Families & Ion Formation

 

 

*Click on images to open a larger image in a new window.

 

Unit 7: Periodic Trends

Notes

Additional Files*

Dec. 13

Periodic Trends: Zeff, Atomic Radius, Ionic Radius (Class Notes Copy)

Atomic RadiiIonic Radii

Dec. 14

Periodic Trends: Ionization Energy, Electronegativity (Class Notes Copy)

Ionization Energy 3-D Periodic TableIonization Energy Trends by ZElectronegativity Trends

Here is video of me performing the Li-Na-K demo (but with a slightly more “energetic” reaction at the end) and a follow-on video showing the progression to Rb and Cs:

 

*Click on images to open a larger image in a new window.

 

Unit 8: Chemical Bonding

Notes

Additional Files*

Dec. 15

Lewis Dots & Ionic Bonding (Class Notes)

NaCl Crystal Lattice

Dec. 18

Naming & Formulas of Ionic Compounds I; Polyatomic Ions

 

Dec. 19

Naming & Formulas of Ionic Compounds II: Stock System

 

Dec. 20

Covalent Bonds: Formulas & Naming of Covalent Compounds

 

Dec. 21

Acids; Formulas & Naming

 

Dec. 22

Lewis Diagrams of Covalent Molecules & Polyatomic Ions

 

Jan. 2

VSEPR & Shapes of Molecules (Key) (Class Notes)

Electron Geometries 2, 3, 4Molecular Shapes 2, 3, 4

Jan. 4

Reactivity of Metals & Non-metals Reactions Notes

Marked Notes from Class

Jan. 5

Electronegativity & Polarity

Class Notes

Jan. 8

Hybridization: sp3 Orbitals & σ Bonds

Hybridization: sp3 Orbitals & σ Bonds PDF

Jan. 9

Hybridization: sp2 & sp Orbitals; π Bonds

Hybridization: sp2 & sp Orbitals; π Bonds PDF

Jan. 16

Types of Substances

Class Notes
Jan. 18 Unit 8 Kahoot! review game: https://play.kahoot.it/#/?quizId=7a7900fc-bceb-4678-874b-555c3789a082

 

*Click on images to open a larger image in a new window.

 

Unit 9: Chemical Reactions

Notes

Additional Files*

Jan. 31

Writing & Identifying Chemical Reactions WS

Writing & Identifying Types of Chemical Reactions PDF

Feb. 1

Solubility Rules & Precipitation Reactions

Chart E Class Notes

Feb. 2

Activity Series & Single Replacement Reactions

Marked up Standard Reduction Potentials Chart from Class

Feb. 3

Oxidation Reduction Reactions

 

 

*Click on images to open a larger image in a new window.

 

Unit 10: Polarity & Intermolecular Forces

Notes

Additional Files*

Feb. 4

Polarity

Feb. 13

Intermolecular Forces: MP, BP

H-bonding in H2O ice

H-Bonding in H2O Ice

Feb. 20

Surface Tension, Capillary Action & Network Covalent Solids

Hg Surface Tension

Hg Surface Tension

H2O and Hg Meniscus Photo

H2O and Hg Meniscus Photo

H2O & Hg Meniscus Diagrams

H2O & Hg Meniscus Diagrams

Feb. 21

Conductivity Demo

The World of Chemistry: Water

 

*Click on images to open a larger image in a new window.

 

Unit 11: Gases

Notes

Additional Files*

Feb. 26

Gases & Pressure

Gases & Pressure PDF

Feb. 28

Boyle’s & Charles’s Laws

Boyle’s & Charles’s Laws PDF

Mar. 1

Gay-Lussac’s Law & Combined Gas Law

Gay-Lussac’s Law & Combined Gas Law PDF

Mar. 2

Ideal Gas Law; Molar Mass & Density; Stoichiometry

 

Mar. 5

Kinetic-Molecular Theory & Effusion

 

 

Mar. 6

Partial Pressures & Gas Collections over H2O

 

Mar. 9

Vapor Pressure & Boiling Point

 

Mar. 12

Phase Diagrams

Triple Point:

 

Supercritical Fluid:

Mar. 13

Real vs. Ideal Gases

 

Mar. 16

Review & Demos

Ammonia Fountain:

 

*Click on images to open a larger image in a new window.

 

Unit 12: Solutions

Notes

Additional Files*

Mar. 22

Solutions & Solubility

Solubility Class Notes

Mar. 23

Solution Concentration: Molarity & Preparing Molar Solutions

Molarity Class Notes

Mar. 26

Solution Stoichiometry

 

Mar. 27

Colligative Properties: Definition & Theory

Frozen Solution

April 9

Colligative Properties Calculations

 

 

*Click on images to open a larger image in a new window.

 

Unit 13: Spontaneity & Kinetics

Notes

Additional Files*

April 11

Thermochemistry: Endothermic & Exothermic Energy Diagrams

 

April 16

Entropy & Spontaneity Skeleton

 

April 18

Gibb’s Free Energy

 

April 20

State Functions & Hess’s Law I

State Functions & Hess’s Law I PDF

April 24

ΔH of Formation & Hess’s Law

Standard Heats of Formation

April 25

Heating & Cooling Curves

 

April 26

Kinetics: Energy Diagrams & Collision Theory

Kinetics: Energy Diagrams & Collision Theory PDF

April 27

Factors Affecting Reaction Rates

Factors Affecting Reaction Rates PDF

May 1

The Rate Law

The Rate Law PDFThe Rate Law Class Notes

May 2

Reaction Mechanisms

Reaction Mechanisms PDF

 

Reaction Mechanisms Class Notes

 

*Click on images to open a larger image in a new window.

 

Unit 14: Chemical Equilibrium

Notes

Additional Files*

May 9

Concept of Chemical Equilibrium

Concept of Equilibrium Class Notes

May 10

The Equilibrium Constant

Equilibrium Constant Class Notes

May 11

The Reaction Quotient Q; Solubility Product (Ksp) Types 1 & 2

Reaction Quotient/Solubility Product Class Notes

May 14

Solubility Product Type 3: Q and Ksp

Solubility Product Type 3/Intro to Le Châtelier’s Principle Class Notes

May 15

Le Châtelier’s Principle

Le Châtelier’s Principle Class Notes

 

*Click on images to open a larger image in a new window.

 

Unit 15: Acids & Bases

Notes

Additional Files*

May 22

Properties of Acids & Bases; Brønsted Acids and Bases

Properties of Acids & Bases Class Notes

May 23

Neutralization Reactions and Acid-Base Titrations

Titrations Class Notes

May 30

Strengths of Acids & Bases; Ka & Kb Calculations

Strengths of Acids Class Notes

May 31

Rainbow Demo, pH & pOH

Rainbow Demo, pH & pOH Class Notes

 

*Click on images to open a larger image in a new window.

 

 

   

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