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Chem Honors: Lecture Notes Archive

Updated

 

 

Unit 1: Introduction to Chemistry

Notes

Additional Files*

Sept. 7

Elements, Compounds & Mixtures

POGIL Answer Key

Sept. 12

Properties & Changes

Target Inquiry: Chemical & Physical Changes Key

 

*Click on images to open a larger image in a new window.

 

Unit 2: Measurement & Calculations

Notes

Additional Files*

Sept. 14

The Scientific Method & CER (Class Notes)

Sept. 17

Units, SI Prefixes, Density (Class Notes)

Sept. 15  Units, SI Prefixes, Density PDF

Sept. 20

Scientific Notation (Class Notes)

Scientific Notation PDF

Sept. 21

Accuracy & Precision; Significant Figures in Measurements (Class Notes)

Accuracy & Precision; Significant Figures in Measurements PDF

Sept. 24

Significant Figures in Calculations (Class Notes)

Significant Figures in Calculations PDF

Sept. 26

Conversion Factors & Dimensional Analysis (Class Notes)

Sept. 27

Metric & Double-Unit Conversions (Class Notes)

Metric & Double-Unit Conversions PDF

 

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Unit 3: Moles & Stoichiometry

Notes

Additional Files*

Oct. 2

Introduction to Moles & Stoichiometry: Electrolysis of H2O & Volumes of Gases (Avogadro’s Hypothesis) (Class Notes)

Hoffman Apparatus for Water Electrolysis

Oct. 3

Masses of Gases Demo

Masses of Gases Demo - Class

Oct. 4

Molar Mass; Moles-Mass; Moles-Particles

Molar Mass; Moles-Mass; Moles-Particles Class Notes

Oct. 5

Mass-Particles; Molar Volume of Gases

Mass-Particles; Molar Volume of Gases Class Notes

Oct. 10

% Composition & Empirical Formula

% Composition & Empirical Formula PDF% Composition & Empirical Formula Class Notes

Oct. 11

Balancing Equations

Balancing Equations - Class

Oct. 12

Introduction to Stoichiometry

 

Introduction to Stoichiometry Class Notes

Oct. 15

Gas Stoichiometry; Reaction Yields

Gas Stoichiometry & Reaction Yields Class Notes

Oct. 17

Limiting & Excess Reactants

Limiting Reactants Class Notes

Oct. 18

Excess Reactants

Molecular Formula

Excess Reactants Class Notes

Molecular Formula Class Notes

 

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Unit 4: Atomic Structure

Notes

Additional Files*

Oct. 30

Intro to Basic Atomic Structure; Isotopes; Average Atomic Mass

Class Notes 4-1

Mass Spectrometry

Class Notes 4-1a

Oct. 31

Unraveling the Structure of the Atom: Thomson CRT, Millikan Oil Drop & Rutherford Gold Foil

Class Notes 4-2
Structure of the Atom Part 1 PDF


Nov. 1

Unravelling the Structure of the Atom: Proton & Neutron

Class Notes 4-3

Structure of the Atom Part 2 PDF

Nov. 5 Review Key w/Class Notes

 

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Unit 5: Nuclear Chemistry & 5.5: Specific Heat

Notes

Additional Files*

Nov. 5

Specific Heat Notes

Specific Heat Class Notes

Nov. 7

Geiger Counter & α, β, γ Radiation; Nuclear Decay Equations

Geiger Counter & α, β, γ Radiation; Nuclear Decay EquationsGeiger Counter & α, β, γ Radiation; Nuclear Decay Equations PDFNuclear Radiation & Decay Equations Class Notes

Nov. 12

Radiation & Nuclear Stability

Radiation & Nuclear Stability PDFRadiation & Nuclear Stabiity Class Notes

Nov. 13

Half-Life & C-14 Dating; Nuclear Decay Series

Half-LIfe & C-14 Dating; Nuclear Decay SeriesHalf Life, C-14 Dating & Decay Series Class Notes

Nov. 14

Induced Transmutation; Nuclear Fission & Fusion (Class Notes)

Nov. 15

Energy from Nuclear Fission & Fusion: Mass Defect

Class Notes

Nov. 16

Nuclear Power from Fission & Fusion

Class Notes

Nov. 20

Sources, Measurement & Effects of Radiation

 

Nov. 21

Nuclear Plant Accidents: Three Mile Island, Chernobyl and Fukushima

 

 

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Unit 6: Electrons in Atoms

Notes

Additional Files*

Nov. 27

Electromagnetic Spectrum, Wavelength, Frequency and Energy (Class Notes)

Electromagnetic Spectrum

EM Spectrum

The Electromagnetic Spectrum Song

 

Nov. 28

Particle Nature of Light & Emission Spectra (Class Notes)

Nov. 29

Line Spectra; Bohr Model of the Atom

(Class Notes)

Nov. 30

Wave Nature of Electrons; Probability & Atomic Orbitals (Class Notes)

 

 

 

Dec. 3

Orbitals & Energy Levels; Electron Configurations

Class Notes

Dec. 5

Electron Configs from the Periodic Table; Noble Gas Configurations; Valence Electrons (Class Notes)

Electron Configs from the Periodic Table; Noble Gas Configurations; Valence Electrons PDF

Dec. 6

Periodic Table Families & Ion Formation

Class Notes

 

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Unit 7: Periodic Trends

Notes

Additional Files*

Dec. 13

Periodic Trends: Zeff, Atomic Radius, Ionic Radius (Class Notes)

 

Dec. 14

Periodic Trends: Ionization Energy, Electronegativity (Class Notes)

Ionization Energy 3-D Periodic TableIonization Energy Trends by ZElectronegativity Trends

 

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Unit 8: Chemical Bonding

Notes

Additional Files*

Dec. 17

Lewis Dots & Ionic Bonding (Class Notes)

NaCl Crystal Lattice

Dec. 18

Naming & Formulas of Ionic Compounds I; Polyatomic Ions

Class Notes

Dec. 19

Naming & Formulas of Ionic Compounds II: Stock System

Class Notes

Dec. 20

Covalent Bonds: Formulas & Naming of Covalent Compounds

Class Notes

Dec. 21

Acids; Formulas & Naming

Class Notes

Jan. 2

Lewis Diagrams of Covalent Molecules & Polyatomic Ions

Class Notes

Jan. 3

Reactivity of Metals & Non-metals Reactions Notes

Class Notes

Jan. 4

VSEPR & Shapes of Molecules

Balloon Demo Notes (Class Notes)

Jan. 7

Electronegativity & Polarity

Class Notes

Jan. 11

Hybridization: sp3 Orbitals & σ Bonds (Class Notes)

Hybridization: sp3 Orbitals & σ Bonds PDF

Jan. 14

Hybridization: sp2 & sp Orbitals; π Bonds (Class Notes)

Hybridization: sp2 & sp Orbitals; π Bonds PDF

Jan. 15

Types of Substances (Class Notes)

 


 

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Unit 9: Chemical Reactions

Notes

Additional Files*

Jan. 31

Writing & Identifying Chemical Reactions WS (Class Notes)

Writing & Identifying Types of Chemical Reactions PDF

Feb. 1

Solubility Rules & Precipitation Reactions

Chart E Class Notes

Class Notes

Feb. 4

Activity Series & Single Replacement Reactions

(Class Notes)

Marked up Standard Reduction Potentials Chart from Class

Feb. 6

Oxidation Reduction Reactions

 

 

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Unit 10: Polarity & Intermolecular Forces

Notes

Additional Files*

Feb. 11

Polarity

Feb. 13

Intermolecular Forces: MP, BP (Class Notes)

H-bonding in H2O ice

H-Bonding in H2O Ice

Feb. 20

Surface Tension, Capillary Action & Network Covalent Solids (Class Notes)

Hg Surface Tension

Hg Surface Tension

H2O and Hg Meniscus Photo

H2O and Hg Meniscus Photo

H2O & Hg Meniscus Diagrams

H2O & Hg Meniscus Diagrams

Feb. 21

Conductivity Demo

The World of Chemistry: Water

 

*Click on images to open a larger image in a new window.

 

Unit 11: Gases

Notes

Additional Files*

Feb. 27

Gases & Pressure (Class Notes)

Gases & Pressure PDF

Feb. 28

The Gas Laws: P vs. V, V vs. T, V vs. P

Class Notes

Mar. 5

Partial Pressures & Gas Collections over H2O

Class Notes

Mar. 6

Ideal Gas Law; Molar Mass & Density; Stoichiometry

Class Notes

Mar. 7

Kinetic-Molecular Theory & Effusion (Class Notes)

 

 

Mar. 8

Vapor Pressure & Boiling Point

Class Notes

Mar. 11

Phase Diagrams

Triple Point:

 

Supercritical Fluid:

Mar. 12

Real vs. Ideal Gases

 

Demos

Ammonia Fountain:

 

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Unit 12: Solutions

Notes

Additional Files*

Mar. 18

Solution Concentration: Molarity & Preparing Molar Solutions

Class Notes

Mar. 20

Solutions & Solubility

Class Notes

Mar. 21

Solution Stoichiometry

Class Notes

Mar. 22

Colligative Properties: Definition & Theory (Class Notes)

Frozen Solution

Mar. 25

Colligative Properties Calculations (Class Notes)

 

 

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Unit 13: Spontaneity & Kinetics

Notes

Additional Files*

Mar. 26

Thermochemistry: Endothermic & Exothermic Energy Diagrams (Class Notes)

 

April 1

Entropy & Spontaneity (Class Notes)

 

April 2

Gibb’s Free Energy (Class Notes)

 

April 3

State Functions & Hess’s Law I (Class Notes)

State Functions & Hess’s Law I PDF

April 4

ΔH of Formation & Hess’s Law (Class Notes)

Standard Heats of Formation

April 5

Heating & Cooling Curves (Class Notes)

 

April 8

Kinetics: Energy Diagrams & Collision Theory (Class Notes)

Kinetics: Energy Diagrams & Collision Theory PDF

April 10

Factors Affecting Reaction Rates (Class Notes)

Factors Affecting Reaction Rates PDF

Apr. 22

The Rate Law (Class Notes)

The Rate Law PDF

Apr. 23

Reaction Mechanisms (Class Notes)

Reaction Mechanisms PDF

 

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Unit 14: Chemical Equilibrium

Notes

Additional Files*

Apr. 30

Concept of Chemical Equilibrium

Class Notes

May 1

The Equilibrium Constant

Class Notes

May 2

The Reaction Quotient Q; Solubility Product (Ksp) Types 1 & 2

Class Notes

May 3

Solubility Product Type 3: Q and Ksp

Class Notes

May 6

Le Châtelier’s Principle

Class Notes

 

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Unit 15: Acids & Bases

Notes

Additional Files*

May 14

Conductivity Demo

Class Notes

May 15

Equations of Non-electrolytes, Acids, Bases and Salts

Class Notes

May 16

Properties of Acids & Bases; Brønsted Acids and Bases

 

May 17

Strengths of Acids & Bases; Ka & Kb Calculations

Class Notes

May 20

Rainbow Demo, pH & pOH (Class Notes)

Rainbow Demo

May 21

Neutralization Reactions and Acid-Base Titrations

Class Notes

May 23

Salt Hydrolysis: Demo

Class Notes

May 28

Buffers: Demo

Class Notes

 

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