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Chem Honors: Lecture Notes Archive

Updated

 

Unit 1: Introduction to Chemistry

Notes

Additional Files*

Sept. 12

Chemistry & Matter: Properties & Changes


 

Sept. 13

Elements, Compounds & Mixtures

 

 

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Unit 2: Measurement & Calculations

Notes

Additional Files*

Sept. 14

The Scientific Method

The Scientific Method PDF

Sept. 15

Units, SI Prefixes, Density

Sept. 15  Units, SI Prefixes, Density PDF

Sept. 16

Scientific Notation

Scientific Notation PDF

Sept. 19

Accuracy & Precision; Significant Figures in Measurements

Accuracy & Precision; Significant Figures in Measurements PDF

Sept. 20

Significant Figures in Calculations

Significant Figures in Calculations PDF

Sept. 22

Conversion Factors & Dimensional Analysis

Sept. 23

Metric & Double-Unit Conversions

Metric & Double-Unit Conversions PDF

 

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Unit 3: Moles & Stoichiometry

Notes

Additional Files*

Sept. 29

Introduction to Moles & Stoichiometry: Electrolysis of H2O & Volumes of Gases (Avogadro’s Hypothesis)

Hoffman Apparatus for Water Electrolysis

Oct. 6

Molar Mass; Moles-Mass; Moles-Particles

 

Oct. 7

Mass-Particles; Molar Volume of Gases

 

Oct. 11

% Composition & Empirical Formula

% Composition & Empirical Formula PDF

Oct. 13

Balancing Equations

 

Oct. 17

Introduction to Stoichiometry

 

Oct. 18

Gas Stoichiometry; Reaction Yields

 

Oct. 24

Limiting & Excess Reactants

 

Oct. 25

Molecular Formula

 

 

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Unit 4: Atomic Structure

Notes

Additional Files*

Oct. 31

Intro to Basic Atomic Structure; Isotopes; Average Atomic Mass

 

Nov. 2

Unraveling the Structure of the Atom: Thomson CRT, Millikan Oil Drop & Rutherford Gold Foil

 
Mass Spectrometry  

Nov. 3

Unravelling the Structure of the Atom: Proton & Neutron

 

 

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Unit 5: Nuclear Chemistry

Notes

Additional Files*

Nov. 9

Geiger Counter & α, β, γ Radiation; Nuclear Decay Equations

Geiger Counter & α, β, γ Radiation; Nuclear Decay EquationsGeiger Counter & α, β, γ Radiation; Nuclear Decay Equations PDF

Nov. 14

Radiation & Nuclear Stability

Radiation & Nuclear Stability PDF

Nov. 15

Half-Life & C-14 Dating; Nuclear Decay Series

 

Nov. 16

Induced Transmutation; Nuclear Fission & Fusion

Nov. 17

Energy from Nuclear Fission & Fusion: Mass Defect

 

Nov. 18

Back to Chernobyl

Nov. 21

Chernobyl 30 Years Later

 

Nov. 22

Sources, Measurement & Effects of Radiation

 

 

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Unit 6: Electrons in Atoms

Notes

Additional Files*

Nov. 30

Electromagnetic Spectrum, Wavelength, Frequency and Energy

Electromagnetic Spectrum

EM Spectrum

Fluorescent Light Spectrum

Fluorescent Light Spectrum

Dec. 2

Particle Nature of Light

Dec. 5

Emission/ Absorption Line Spectra; Bohr Model of the Atom

Emission/ Absorption Line Spectra; Bohr Model of the Atom PDF

Dec. 6

Wave-Particle Duality of Electrons; Probability

 

 

Dec. 7

Orbitals & Energy Levels; Electron Configurations

 

Dec. 8

Electron Configs from the Periodic Table; Noble Gas Configurations; Valence Electrons

Electron Configs from the Periodic Table; Noble Gas Configurations; Valence Electrons PDF

Dec. 12

Periodic Table Families & Ion Formation

 

 

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Unit 7: Periodic Trends

Notes

Additional Files*

Dec. 14

Periodic Trends: Zeff, Atomic Radius, Ionic Radius

Atomic RadiiIonic Radii

Dec. 16

Periodic Trends: Ionization Energy, Electronegativity

Ionization Energy 3-D Periodic TableIonization Energy Trends by ZElectronegativity Trends

 

*Click on images to open a larger image in a new window.

 

Unit 8: Chemical Bonding

Notes

Additional Files*

Dec. 20

Lewis Dots & Ionic Bonding

NaCl Crystal Lattice

Dec. 21

Naming & Formulas of Ionic Compounds I; Polyatomic Ions

 

Dec. 22

Naming & Formulas of Ionic Compounds II: Stock System

 

Dec. 23

Covalent Bonds: Formulas & Naming of Covalent Compounds

 

Jan. 3

Acids; Formulas & Naming

 

Jan. 4

Lewis Diagrams of Covalent Molecules & Polyatomic Ions

 

Jan. 5

VSEPR & Shapes of Molecules

Electron Geometries 2, 3, 4Molecular Shapes 2, 3, 4

Jan. 6

Electronegativity & Polarity

 

Jan. 9

Hybridization: sp3 Orbitals & σ Bonds

Hybridization: sp3 Orbitals & σ Bonds PDF

Jan. 10

Hybridization: sp2 & sp Orbitals; π Bonds

Hybridization: sp2 & sp Orbitals; π Bonds PDF

Jan. 17

Types of Substances

 

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Unit 9: Chemical Reactions

Notes

Additional Files*

Feb. 1

Writing & Identifying Chemical Reactions WS

 

Feb. 2

Solubility Rules & Precipitation Reactions

 

Feb. 3

Activity Series & Single Replacement Reactions

 

Feb. 6

Oxidation Reduction Reactions

 

 

*Click on images to open a larger image in a new window.

 

Unit 10: Polarity & Intermolecular Forces

Notes

Additional Files*

Feb. 7

Polarity

Feb. 14

Intermolecular Forces: MP, BP

H-bonding in H2O ice

H-Bonding in H2O Ice

Feb. 16

Surface Tension, Capillary Action & Network Covalent Solids

Hg Surface Tension

Hg Surface Tension

H2O and Hg Meniscus Photo

H2O and Hg Meniscus Photo

H2O & Hg Meniscus Diagrams

H2O & Hg Meniscus Diagrams

Feb. 21

Conductivity Demo

The World of Chemistry: Water

 

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Unit 11: Gases

Notes

Additional Files*

Feb. 23

Gases & Pressure

Gases & Pressure PDF

Feb. 27

Boyle’s & Charles’s Laws

Boyle’s & Charles’s Laws PDF

Feb. 28

Gay-Lussac’s Law & Combined Gas Law

Gay-Lussac’s Law & Combined Gas Law PDF

Mar. 1

Partial Pressures & Gas Collections over H2O

 

Mar. 2

Ideal Gas Law; Molar Mass & Density; Stoichiometry

 

Mar. 6

Kinetic-Molecular Theory & Effusion

Mar. 8

Vapor Pressure & Boiling Point

 

Mar. 9

Phase Diagrams

Mar. 10

Real vs. Ideal Gases

 

Mar. 13

Review & Demos

Mar. 15

Review

Kahoot! Gases review game

 

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Unit 12: Solutions

Notes

Additional Files*

Mar. 16

Solutions & Solubility

 

Mar. 17

Solution Concentration: Molarity & Preparing Molar Solutions

 

Mar. 21

Solution Stoichiometry

 

Mar. 23

Colligative Properties: Definition & Theory

Frozen Solution

Mar. 24

Colligative Properties Calculations

 

 

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Unit 13: Spontaneity & Kinetics

Notes

Additional Files*

Mar. 29

Thermochemistry: Endothermic & Exothermic Energy Diagrams

 

April 4

Entropy & Spontaneity Skeleton (Completed)

 

April 5

Gibb’s Free Energy

 

April 6

State Functions & Hess’s Law I

State Functions & Hess’s Law I PDF

April 18

ΔH of Formation & Hess’s Law

Standard Heats of Formation

April 19

Heating & Cooling Curves

 

April 20

Kinetics: Energy Diagrams & Collision Theory

Kinetics: Energy Diagrams & Collision Theory PDF

April 21

Factors Affecting Reaction Rates

Factors Affecting Reaction Rates PDF

April 24

The Rate Law

The Rate Law PDF

April 25

Reaction Mechanisms

Reaction Mechanisms PDF

 

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Unit 14: Chemical Equilibrium

Notes

Additional Files*

May 3

Concept of Chemical Equilibrium

 

May 4

The Equilibrium Constant

Class Notes: Equilibrium Constant

May 5

The Reaction Quotient Q; Solubility Product (Ksp) Types 1 & 2

Class Notes: The Reaction Quotient Q; Solubility Product (Ksp) Types 1 & 2

May 8

Solubility Product Type 3: Q and Ksp

Class Notes: Solubility Product Type 3: Q and Ksp

May 9

Le Châtelier’s Principle

Class Notes: Le Châtelier’s Principle

 

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Unit 15: Acids & Bases

Notes

Additional Files*

May 15

Conductivity Demo

Day 1 Key

Full Key

May 17

Neutralization Reactions and Acid-Base Titrations

 

May 18

Equations of Non-electrolytes, Acids, Bases and Salts

 

May 19

Properties of Acids & Bases; Brønsted Acids and Bases

 

May 22

Strengths of Acids & Bases; Ka & Kb Calculations

Strengths of Acids & Bases; Ka & Kb Calculations Class Notes

May 23

Rainbow Demo, pH & pOH

Rainbow Demo, pH & pOH Class Notes

May 24

Salt Hydrolysis: Hydrolysis & Buffers Demo Part A

Salt Hydrolysis: Hydrolysis & Buffers Demo Part A Class Notes

May 30

Buffers: Hydrolysis & Buffers Demo Part B

Hydrolysis & Buffers Demo Complete Class Notes

 

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