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Chem Honors: Lecture Notes Archive

Updated

 

 

 

Unit 1: Introduction to Chemistry

Notes

Additional Files*

Sept. 9

Elements, Compounds & Mixtures

POGIL: Classificaiton of Matter Key

Sept. 10

Properties & Changes

 

 

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Unit 2: Measurement & Calculations

Notes

Additional Files*

Sept. 11

The Scientific Method & CER

Sept. 12

Units, SI Prefixes, Density (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

Sept. 15  Units, SI Prefixes, Density PDF

Sept. 13

Scientific Notation (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

Scientific Notation PDF

Sept. 16

Accuracy & Precision; Significant Figures in Measurements (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

Accuracy & Precision; Significant Figures in Measurements PDF

Sept. 18

Significant Figures in Calculations (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

Significant Figures in Calculations PDF

Sept. 19

Conversion Factors & Dimensional Analysis (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

Sept. 20

Metric & Double-Unit Conversions (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

Metric & Double-Unit Conversions PDF

 

*Click on images to open a larger image in a new window.

 

Unit 3: Moles & Stoichiometry

Notes

Additional Files*

Sept. 25

Introduction to Moles & Stoichiometry: Electrolysis of H2O & Volumes of Gases (Avogadro’s Hypothesis) (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

Hoffman Apparatus for Water ElectrolysisGay-Lussac/Avogadro Article

Oct. 2

Masses of Gases Demo

Key (Per 3) (Per 6)

Oct. 3

Molar Mass; Moles-Mass; Moles-Particles (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

 

Oct. 4

Mass-Particles; Molar Volume of Gases (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

 

Oct. 7

% Composition & Empirical Formula (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

% Composition & Empirical Formula PDF

Oct. 10

Balancing Equations (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

 

Oct. 11

Introduction to Stoichiometry (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

 

 

Oct. 16

Gas Stoichiometry; Reaction Yields (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

 

Oct. 17

Limiting Reactants (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

 

Oct. 18

Excess Reactants (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

Molecular Formula (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

 

 

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Unit 4: Atomic Structure

Notes

Additional Files*

Oct. 29

Intro to Basic Atomic Structure; Isotopes; Average Atomic Mass (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

 

Mass Spectrometry (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

 

Oct. 30

Unraveling the Structure of the Atom: Thomson CRT, Millikan Oil Drop & Rutherford Gold Foil (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

Structure of the Atom Part 1 PDF


Oct. 31

Unravelling the Structure of the Atom: Proton & Neutron (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

Structure of the Atom Part 2 PDF

 

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Unit 5: Nuclear Chemistry & 5.5: Specific Heat

Notes

Additional Files*

Nov. 4

Specific Heat Notes (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

 

Nov. 5

Geiger Counter & α, β, γ Radiation; Nuclear Decay Equations (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

Geiger Counter & α, β, γ Radiation; Nuclear Decay EquationsGeiger Counter & α, β, γ Radiation; Nuclear Decay Equations PDF

Nov. 11

Radiation & Nuclear Stability (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

Radiation & Nuclear Stability PDF

Nov. 12

Half-Life & C-14 Dating; Nuclear Decay Series (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

Half-LIfe & C-14 Dating; Nuclear Decay Series

Nov. 14

Induced Transmutation; Nuclear Fission & Fusion (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

Nov. 15

Energy from Nuclear Fission & Fusion: Mass Defect (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

 

Nov. 18

Nuclear Power from Fission & Fusion (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

 

Nov. 19

Nuclear Plant Accidents: Three Mile Island, Chernobyl and Fukushima

 

Nov. 20

Sources, Measurement & Effects of Radiation

 

 

*Click on images to open a larger image in a new window.

 

Unit 6: Electrons in Atoms

Notes

Additional Files*

Nov. 22

Electromagnetic Spectrum, Wavelength, Frequency and Energy (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

Electromagnetic Spectrum

EM Spectrum

 

Nov. 26-27

Line Spectra; Bohr Model of the Atom (Electron Energy & Light Key)

 

Dec. 2

Wave/Particle Duality & Quantum Mechanical Model of Atom (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

 

 

 

 

Dec. 4

Atomic Orbitals & Energy Levels (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

 

Dec. 5

Electron Configurations (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

 

Dec. 6

Electron Configs using Periodic Table Blocks; Noble Gas Notation; Valence Electrons (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

 

Dec. 9

Ion Formation (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

 

 

*Click on images to open a larger image in a new window.

 

Unit 7: Periodic Trends

Notes

Additional Files*

Dec. 16

Periodic Trends: Zeff, Atomic Radius, Ionic Radius (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

 

Dec. 17

Periodic Trends: Ionization Energy, Electronegativity (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

Ionization Energy 3-D Periodic TableIonization Energy Trends by ZElectronegativity Trends

 

*Click on images to open a larger image in a new window.

 

Unit 8: Chemical Bonding

Notes

Additional Files*

Dec. 18

Lewis Dots & Ionic Bonding (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

NaCl Crystal Lattice

Dec. 19

Naming & Formulas of Ionic Compounds I; Polyatomic Ions (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

 

Dec. 20

Naming & Formulas of Ionic Compounds II: Stock System (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

 

Jan. 2

Covalent Bonds: Formulas & Naming of Covalent Compounds (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

 

Jan. 3

Acids; Formulas & Naming (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

 

Jan. 7

Lewis Diagrams of Covalent Molecules & Polyatomic Ions (Class Notes)

 

Jan. 7

Reactivity of Metals & Non-metals Reactions Notes (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

 

Jan. 8

VSEPR & Shapes of Molecules (Class Notes)

VSEPR Shapes Sheet

Jan. 9

Electronegativity & Polarity (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

 

Jan. 10

Hybridization: sp3 Orbitals & σ Bonds (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

Hybridization: sp3 Orbitals & σ Bonds PDF

Jan. 13

Hybridization: sp2 & sp Orbitals; π Bonds (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

Hybridization: sp2 & sp Orbitals; π Bonds PDF

Jan. 16

Types of Substances(Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

 


 

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Unit 9: Chemical Reactions

Notes

Additional Files*

Jan. 31

Writing & Identifying Chemical Reactions WS

Writing & Identifying Types of Chemical Reactions PDF

Feb. 1

Solubility Rules & Precipitation Reactions

Reactions in Aqueous Solutions PDF

Feb. 4

Activity Series & Single Replacement Reactions (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

 

Marked up Standard Reduction Potentials Chart from Class

Feb. 6

Oxidation Reduction Reactions (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

Annotated Chart H Per 3

Annotated Chart H Per 6

 

*Click on images to open a larger image in a new window.

 

Unit 10: Polarity & Intermolecular Forces

Notes

Additional Files*

Feb. 12

Intro to Polarity

Feb. 20

Intermolecular Forces: MP, BP (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

H-bonding in H2O ice

H-Bonding in H2O Ice

Feb. 24

Surface Tension, Capillary Action & Network Covalent Solid (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

Hg Surface Tension

Hg Surface Tension

H2O and Hg Meniscus Photo

H2O and Hg Meniscus Photo

H2O & Hg Meniscus Diagrams

H2O & Hg Meniscus Diagrams

Feb. 25

Conductivity Demo

The World of Chemistry: Water (Key)

 

*Click on images to open a larger image in a new window.

 

Unit 11: Gases

Notes

Additional Files*

Mar. 3

Gases & Pressure (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

Gases & Pressure PDF

Mar. 4

The Gas Laws: P vs. V, V vs. T, V vs. P (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

Mar. 5

Ideal Gas Law; Molar Mass & Density; Stoichiometry (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

 

Mar. 6

Partial Pressures & Gas Collections over H2O (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

 

Mar. 10

Kinetic-Molecular Theory & Effusion

Kinetic-Molecular Theory & Effusion pdf

 

 

Mar. 11

Vapor Pressure & Boiling Point (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

 

Mar. 12

Phase Diagrams (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

Triple Point:

 

Supercritical Fluid:

Mar. 13

Real vs. Ideal Gases (Notes Per 3) (Notes Per 6)

 

Demos

Ammonia Fountain:

 

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Unit 12: Solutions

Notes

Additional Files*

Mar. 16

Solutions & Solubility

Mar. 17

Solution Concentration: Molarity & Preparing Molar Solutions (Class Notes)

Mar. 18

Solution Stoichiometry (Class Notes)

Mar. 24

Colligative Properties: Definition & Theory (Class Notes)

Frozen Solution

Mar. 25

Colligative Properties Calculations

 

 

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Unit 13: Spontaneity & Kinetics

Notes

Additional Files*

Apr. 14

Thermochemistry: Endothermic & Exothermic Energy Diagrams (Class Notes)

 

April 21

Enthalpy of Reaction & Calorimetry (Class Notes)

 

April 23

Bond Energy & Reaction Enthalpy (Class Notes)

 

April 24

Heating & Cooling Curves (Class Notes)

 

April 28

Entropy, Spontaneity & Gibb’s Free Energy (Class Notes)

 

Apr. 29

Kinetics: Energy Diagrams & Collision Theory

(Class Notes)

Kinetics: Energy Diagrams & Collision Theory PDF

Apr. 30

Factors Affecting Reaction Rates (Class Notes)

Factors Affecting Reaction Rates PDF

May 1

The Rate Law (Class Notes)

The Rate Law PDF

May 5

Reaction Mechanisms (Class Notes)

Reaction Mechanisms PDF

 

*Click on images to open a larger image in a new window.

 

Unit 14: Chemical Equilibrium

Notes

Additional Files*

May 15

Chemical Equilibrium & Favorability (Class Notes)

 

May 18

Equilibrium Constant & Reaction Quotient (Class Notes)

 

 

*Click on images to open a larger image in a new window.

 

Unit 15: Acids & Bases

Notes

Additional Files*

May 19

Equations of Non-electrolytes, Acids, Bases and Salts (Class Notes)

 

May 20

Properties of Acids & Bases; Brønsted Acids and Bases (Class Notes)

 

May 21

Strengths of Acids & Bases; Ka & Kb Calculations (Class Notes)

 

May 26

Rainbow Demo, pH & pOH (Class Notes)

Rainbow Demo

May 27

Neutralization Reactions and Acid-Base Titrations (Class Notes)

 

May 28

Salt Hydrolysis & pH (Class Notes)

 

 

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